One of the most effective ways to hunt for food out in the wilds is not really to hunt at all, but rather to set traps and snares for animals in strategic locations. You can also create makeshift traps and snares out of natural materials available in the wilderness. When set up correctly and at the right locations, you can provide yourself with a staple supply of food.
The only difference between a trap and a snare is that a snare makes use of a snare to catch prey, whereas a trap is designed to catch and hold onto prey without a noose. Regardless of whether you use a noose or a trap, the best thing about them is that once set up, you can check up on them whenever you feel like it and spend the time in between completing other tasks necessary to your survival.
How To Position Traps And Snares
Where your traps and snares are placed is more important than the actual quality of them. The reason for this is because a poorly constructed trap in a good location has a chance of catching something, but a masterfully constructed trap in a poor location does not. We’re not saying that you should skimp on the quality of your trap, but we are saying that more effort should be put into choosing the ideal location.
Position your traps and snares in strategic locations where they are more likely to make a kill. These include trails and foliage where vegetation has been chewed, where recent nesting sites are evidence, near water, and where any animal droppings are present. You need to confirm that there is lots of animal activity in your area before setting the traps.
It’s also important that you don’t disturb your area, or else animals will be scared away after you’ve set your traps. You can mask your scent with urine and gall bladders of previous kills, or you can cover your body in mud or charcoal.
Setting bait drastically increases the chance of you making a kill, because otherwise an animal would have to coincidentally walk into the path of your trap. Bait draws animals right to your trap, but only if it’s done right.
The best kind of bait is one that animals are familiar with but that is not common in your local area. Take corn for example. Most small animals you are trying to catch, such as squirrels or rabbits, are familiar with corn. But if you use the corn as bait in a cornfield, the animals will not be attracted to it. On the other hand, setting the corn as bait in a forest, where it is less common, will increase the curiosity of the animal.
Place some of the bait around the trap or snare and then some more on the actual trap. This way the animal can try a small sample of the bait, before moving on to the bigger piece that you have on the trap you have set.
Next, Let’s Examine The Best Kinds Of Traps And Snares That You Can Set:
Types of snares and traps
- The simple snare, as the name suggests, is a snare that is simple to make: all that it is, is a noose that is placed on a trail or over a den and then lashed over a stake stuck into the ground. The noose is held up by twigs. When the animal moves through the noose, it tightens around its neck to prevent it from escaping. If the snare doesn’t suffocate your prey to death outright, it will still be stuck there for you to finish the job. Materials you can use for this snare, and snares in general, include wire, paracord, rope, and vine.
Squirrel Pole Snare
- A squirrel pole is exactly what you would think it is: a long pole that is pressed against a tree in a squirrel-infested area. You then wrap nooses along the length of the pole; the more nooses you set, the greater chance there is of a squirrel passing through them. When the squirrel tries to jump to escape, the noose will tighten and the squirrel will be strangled. With multiple poles and multiple nooses, you could potentially catch quite a few squirrels using this method.
- The bottle trap method is best utilized in rainy conditions where it will catch small animals trying to seek cover from the rain. Dig a hole that is wider at the bottom than it is on the top. Then, hide the opening with a light layer of leaves and/or grass. After this, surround the hole with small rocks that are at least five centimeters high and place more bark or larger rocks over the top for a roof. Animals will then run under the rocks as shelter only to fall into the hole. They can’t climb out since the bottom of the hole is wider than the top.
Since the deadfall is one of the more complicated traps to make, here is a step-by-step process to making one:
- Drive the vertical stick into the ground, with a slant carved on the end, and a notch carved into the middle
- Place your horizontal stick into the notch onto the vertical stick so that they run perpendicular; the horizontal stick will need a sharpened point and a notch itself
- Place your diagonal stick over the vertical stick, with the slant on the end of the vertical one going into the notch on the diagonal one
- Place the carved slant of your diagonal stick into the notch on your horizontal stick, so that it is held by both the horizontal and vertical stick
- Stab your bait onto the sharpened point of the horizontal stick
- Set your flat rock against your sticks with the diagonal stick propping it up; this step is the trickiest and can cause the entire trap to collapse, so it requires much practice and attention on your part. That is all!